Logo Search packages:      
Sourcecode: xbox-cromwell version File versions  Download package

hcd.h

/*
 * Copyright (c) 2001-2002 by David Brownell
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
 * under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
 * Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your
 * option) any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
 * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY
 * or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
 * for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
 * Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
 */


#ifdef __KERNEL__

/* This file contains declarations of usbcore internals that are mostly
 * used or exposed by Host Controller Drivers.
 */

/*
 * USB Packet IDs (PIDs)
 */
#define USB_PID_UNDEF_0             0xf0
#define USB_PID_OUT                 0xe1
#define USB_PID_ACK                 0xd2
#define USB_PID_DATA0               0xc3
#define USB_PID_PING                0xb4  /* USB 2.0 */
#define USB_PID_SOF                 0xa5
#define USB_PID_NYET                0x96  /* USB 2.0 */
#define USB_PID_DATA2               0x87  /* USB 2.0 */
#define USB_PID_SPLIT               0x78  /* USB 2.0 */
#define USB_PID_IN                  0x69
#define USB_PID_NAK                 0x5a
#define USB_PID_DATA1               0x4b
#define USB_PID_PREAMBLE            0x3c  /* Token mode */
#define USB_PID_ERR                 0x3c  /* USB 2.0: handshake mode */
#define USB_PID_SETUP               0x2d
#define USB_PID_STALL               0x1e
#define USB_PID_MDATA               0x0f  /* USB 2.0 */

/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

/*
 * USB Host Controller Driver (usb_hcd) framework
 *
 * Since "struct usb_bus" is so thin, you can't share much code in it.
 * This framework is a layer over that, and should be more sharable.
 */

/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

struct usb_hcd {  /* usb_bus.hcpriv points to this */

      /*
       * housekeeping
       */
      struct usb_bus          self;       /* hcd is-a bus */

      const char        *product_desc;    /* product/vendor string */
      const char        *description;     /* "ehci-hcd" etc */

      struct timer_list rh_timer;   /* drives root hub */
      struct list_head  dev_list;   /* devices on this bus */
      struct work_struct      work;

      /*
       * hardware info/state
       */
      struct hc_driver  *driver;    /* hw-specific hooks */
      int               irq;        /* irq allocated */
      void              *regs;            /* device memory/io */
      struct device           *controller;      /* handle to hardware */

      /* a few non-PCI controllers exist, mostly for OHCI */
      struct pci_dev          *pdev;            /* pci is typical */
#ifdef      CONFIG_PCI
      int               region;           /* pci region for regs */
      u32               pci_state [16];   /* for PM state save */
      atomic_t          resume_count;     /* multiple resumes issue */
#endif

#define HCD_BUFFER_POOLS      4
      struct pci_pool         *pool [HCD_BUFFER_POOLS];

      int               state;
#     define      __ACTIVE          0x01
#     define      __SLEEPY          0x02
#     define      __SUSPEND         0x04
#     define      __TRANSIENT       0x80

#     define      USB_STATE_HALT          0
#     define      USB_STATE_RUNNING (__ACTIVE)
#     define      USB_STATE_READY         (__ACTIVE|__SLEEPY)
#     define      USB_STATE_QUIESCING     (__SUSPEND|__TRANSIENT|__ACTIVE)
#     define      USB_STATE_RESUMING      (__SUSPEND|__TRANSIENT)
#     define      USB_STATE_SUSPENDED     (__SUSPEND)

#define     HCD_IS_RUNNING(state) ((state) & __ACTIVE)
#define     HCD_IS_SUSPENDED(state) ((state) & __SUSPEND)

      /* more shared queuing code would be good; it should support
       * smarter scheduling, handle transaction translators, etc;
       * input size of periodic table to an interrupt scheduler. 
       * (ohci 32, uhci 1024, ehci 256/512/1024).
       */
};

/* 2.4 does this a bit differently ... */
static inline struct usb_bus *hcd_to_bus (struct usb_hcd *hcd)
{
      return &hcd->self;
}


struct hcd_dev {  /* usb_device.hcpriv points to this */
      struct list_head  dev_list;   /* on this hcd */
      struct list_head  urb_list;   /* pending on this dev */

      /* per-configuration HC/HCD state, such as QH or ED */
      void              *ep[32];
};

// urb.hcpriv is really hardware-specific

struct hcd_timeout {    /* timeouts we allocate */
      struct list_head  timeout_list;
      struct timer_list timer;
};

/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

/*
 * FIXME usb_operations should vanish or become hc_driver,
 * when usb_bus and usb_hcd become the same thing.
 */

struct usb_operations {
      int (*allocate)(struct usb_device *);
      int (*deallocate)(struct usb_device *);
      int (*get_frame_number) (struct usb_device *usb_dev);
      int (*submit_urb) (struct urb *urb, int mem_flags);
      int (*unlink_urb) (struct urb *urb);

      /* allocate dma-consistent buffer for URB_DMA_NOMAPPING */
      void *(*buffer_alloc)(struct usb_bus *bus, size_t size,
                  int mem_flags,
                  dma_addr_t *dma);
      void (*buffer_free)(struct usb_bus *bus, size_t size,
                  void *addr, dma_addr_t dma);

      void (*disable)(struct usb_device *udev, int bEndpointAddress);
};

/* each driver provides one of these, and hardware init support */

struct pt_regs;

struct hc_driver {
      const char  *description;     /* "ehci-hcd" etc */

      /* irq handler */
      void  (*irq) (struct usb_hcd *hcd, struct pt_regs *regs);

      int   flags;
#define     HCD_MEMORY  0x0001            /* HC regs use memory (else I/O) */
#define     HCD_USB11   0x0010            /* USB 1.1 */
#define     HCD_USB2    0x0020            /* USB 2.0 */

      /* called to init HCD and root hub */
      int   (*start) (struct usb_hcd *hcd);

      /* called after all devices were suspended */
      int   (*suspend) (struct usb_hcd *hcd, u32 state);

      /* called before any devices get resumed */
      int   (*resume) (struct usb_hcd *hcd);

      /* cleanly make HCD stop writing memory and doing I/O */
      void  (*stop) (struct usb_hcd *hcd);

      /* return current frame number */
      int   (*get_frame_number) (struct usb_hcd *hcd);

      /* memory lifecycle */
      struct usb_hcd    *(*hcd_alloc) (void);
      void        (*hcd_free) (struct usb_hcd *hcd);

      /* manage i/o requests, device state */
      int   (*urb_enqueue) (struct usb_hcd *hcd, struct urb *urb,
                              int mem_flags);
      int   (*urb_dequeue) (struct usb_hcd *hcd, struct urb *urb);

      /* hw synch, freeing endpoint resources that urb_dequeue can't */
      void  (*endpoint_disable)(struct usb_hcd *hcd,
                  struct hcd_dev *dev, int bEndpointAddress);

      /* root hub support */
      int         (*hub_status_data) (struct usb_hcd *hcd, char *buf);
      int         (*hub_control) (struct usb_hcd *hcd,
                        u16 typeReq, u16 wValue, u16 wIndex,
                        char *buf, u16 wLength);
};

extern void usb_hcd_giveback_urb (struct usb_hcd *hcd, struct urb *urb, struct pt_regs *regs);
extern void usb_bus_init (struct usb_bus *bus);
extern void usb_rh_status_dequeue (struct usb_hcd *hcd, struct urb *urb);

#ifdef CONFIG_PCI
struct pci_dev;
struct pci_device_id;
extern int usb_hcd_pci_probe (struct pci_dev *dev,
                        const struct pci_device_id *id);
extern void usb_hcd_pci_remove (struct pci_dev *dev);

#ifdef CONFIG_PM
// FIXME:  see Documentation/power/pci.txt (2.4.6 and later?)
// extern int usb_hcd_pci_save_state (struct pci_dev *dev, u32 state);
extern int usb_hcd_pci_suspend (struct pci_dev *dev, u32 state);
extern int usb_hcd_pci_resume (struct pci_dev *dev);
// extern int usb_hcd_pci_enable_wake (struct pci_dev *dev, u32 state, int flg);
#endif /* CONFIG_PM */

#endif /* CONFIG_PCI */

/* pci-ish (pdev null is ok) buffer alloc/mapping support */
int hcd_buffer_create (struct usb_hcd *hcd);
void hcd_buffer_destroy (struct usb_hcd *hcd);

void *hcd_buffer_alloc (struct usb_bus *bus, size_t size,
      int mem_flags, dma_addr_t *dma);
void hcd_buffer_free (struct usb_bus *bus, size_t size,
      void *addr, dma_addr_t dma);

/* generic bus glue, needed for host controllers that don't use PCI */
extern struct usb_operations usb_hcd_operations;
extern irqreturn_t usb_hcd_irq (int irq, void *__hcd, struct pt_regs *r);
extern void usb_hc_died (struct usb_hcd *hcd);

/* -------------------------------------------------------------------------- */

/* Enumeration is only for the hub driver, or HCD virtual root hubs */
extern int usb_new_device(struct usb_device *dev, struct device *parent);
extern void usb_connect(struct usb_device *dev);
extern void usb_disconnect(struct usb_device **);

/* exported to hub driver ONLY to support usb_reset_device () */
extern int usb_get_configuration(struct usb_device *dev);
extern void usb_set_maxpacket(struct usb_device *dev);
extern void usb_destroy_configuration(struct usb_device *dev);
extern int usb_set_address(struct usb_device *dev);

/* use these only before the device's address has been set */
#define usb_snddefctrl(dev)         ((PIPE_CONTROL << 30))
#define usb_rcvdefctrl(dev)         ((PIPE_CONTROL << 30) | USB_DIR_IN)

/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

/*
 * HCD Root Hub support
 */

#include "hub.h"

/* (shifted) direction/type/recipient from the USB 2.0 spec, table 9.2 */
#define DeviceRequest \
      ((USB_DIR_IN|USB_TYPE_STANDARD|USB_RECIP_DEVICE)<<8)
#define DeviceOutRequest \
      ((USB_DIR_OUT|USB_TYPE_STANDARD|USB_RECIP_DEVICE)<<8)

#define InterfaceRequest \
      ((USB_DIR_IN|USB_TYPE_STANDARD|USB_RECIP_INTERFACE)<<8)

#define EndpointRequest \
      ((USB_DIR_IN|USB_TYPE_STANDARD|USB_RECIP_INTERFACE)<<8)
#define EndpointOutRequest \
      ((USB_DIR_OUT|USB_TYPE_STANDARD|USB_RECIP_INTERFACE)<<8)

/* table 9.6 standard features */
#define DEVICE_REMOTE_WAKEUP  1
#define ENDPOINT_HALT         0

/* class requests from the USB 2.0 hub spec, table 11-15 */
/* GetBusState and SetHubDescriptor are optional, omitted */
#define ClearHubFeature       (0x2000 | USB_REQ_CLEAR_FEATURE)
#define ClearPortFeature      (0x2300 | USB_REQ_CLEAR_FEATURE)
#define GetHubDescriptor      (0xa000 | USB_REQ_GET_DESCRIPTOR)
#define GetHubStatus          (0xa000 | USB_REQ_GET_STATUS)
#define GetPortStatus         (0xa300 | USB_REQ_GET_STATUS)
#define SetHubFeature         (0x2000 | USB_REQ_SET_FEATURE)
#define SetPortFeature        (0x2300 | USB_REQ_SET_FEATURE)


/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

/*
 * Generic bandwidth allocation constants/support
 */
#define FRAME_TIME_USECS      1000L
#define BitTime(bytecount)  (7 * 8 * bytecount / 6)  /* with integer truncation */
            /* Trying not to use worst-case bit-stuffing
                   of (7/6 * 8 * bytecount) = 9.33 * bytecount */
            /* bytecount = data payload byte count */

#define NS_TO_US(ns)    ((ns + 500L) / 1000L)
                  /* convert & round nanoseconds to microseconds */

extern void usb_claim_bandwidth (struct usb_device *dev, struct urb *urb,
            int bustime, int isoc);
extern void usb_release_bandwidth (struct usb_device *dev, struct urb *urb,
            int isoc);

/*
 * Full/low speed bandwidth allocation constants/support.
 */
#define BW_HOST_DELAY   1000L       /* nanoseconds */
#define BW_HUB_LS_SETUP 333L        /* nanoseconds */
                        /* 4 full-speed bit times (est.) */

#define FRAME_TIME_BITS         12000L          /* frame = 1 millisecond */
#define FRAME_TIME_MAX_BITS_ALLOC   (90L * FRAME_TIME_BITS / 100L)
#define FRAME_TIME_MAX_USECS_ALLOC  (90L * FRAME_TIME_USECS / 100L)

extern int usb_check_bandwidth (struct usb_device *dev, struct urb *urb);

/*
 * Ceiling microseconds (typical) for that many bytes at high speed
 * ISO is a bit less, no ACK ... from USB 2.0 spec, 5.11.3 (and needed
 * to preallocate bandwidth)
 */
#define USB2_HOST_DELAY 5     /* nsec, guess */
#define HS_USECS(bytes) NS_TO_US ( ((55 * 8 * 2083)/1000) \
      + ((2083UL * (3167 + BitTime (bytes)))/1000) \
      + USB2_HOST_DELAY)
#define HS_USECS_ISO(bytes) NS_TO_US ( ((long)(38 * 8 * 2.083)) \
      + ((2083UL * (3167 + BitTime (bytes)))/1000) \
      + USB2_HOST_DELAY)

extern long usb_calc_bus_time (int speed, int is_input,
                  int isoc, int bytecount);

/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

extern struct usb_bus *usb_alloc_bus (struct usb_operations *);
extern void usb_free_bus (struct usb_bus *);

extern void usb_register_bus (struct usb_bus *);
extern void usb_deregister_bus (struct usb_bus *);

extern int usb_register_root_hub (struct usb_device *usb_dev,
            struct device *parent_dev);

/* for portability to 2.4, hcds should call this */
static inline int hcd_register_root (struct usb_hcd *hcd)
{
      return usb_register_root_hub (
            hcd_to_bus (hcd)->root_hub, hcd->controller);
}

/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

/* exported only within usbcore */

extern struct list_head usb_bus_list;
extern struct semaphore usb_bus_list_lock;

extern void usb_bus_get (struct usb_bus *bus);
extern void usb_bus_put (struct usb_bus *bus);

extern int usb_find_interface_driver (struct usb_device *dev,
      struct usb_interface *interface);

#define usb_endpoint_halt(dev, ep, out) ((dev)->halted[out] |= (1 << (ep)))

#define usb_endpoint_out(ep_dir)    (!((ep_dir) & USB_DIR_IN))

/*
 * USB device fs stuff
 */

#ifdef CONFIG_USB_DEVICEFS

/*
 * these are expected to be called from the USB core/hub thread
 * with the kernel lock held
 */
extern void usbfs_add_bus(struct usb_bus *bus);
extern void usbfs_remove_bus(struct usb_bus *bus);
extern void usbfs_add_device(struct usb_device *dev);
extern void usbfs_remove_device(struct usb_device *dev);
extern void usbfs_update_special (void);

extern int usbfs_init(void);
extern void usbfs_cleanup(void);

#else /* CONFIG_USB_DEVICEFS */

static inline void usbfs_add_bus(struct usb_bus *bus) {}
static inline void usbfs_remove_bus(struct usb_bus *bus) {}
static inline void usbfs_add_device(struct usb_device *dev) {}
static inline void usbfs_remove_device(struct usb_device *dev) {}
static inline void usbfs_update_special (void) {}

static inline int usbfs_init(void) { return 0; }
static inline void usbfs_cleanup(void) { }

#endif /* CONFIG_USB_DEVICEFS */

/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

/* hub.h ... DeviceRemovable in 2.4.2-ac11, gone in 2.4.10 */
// bleech -- resurfaced in 2.4.11 or 2.4.12
#define bitmap    DeviceRemovable


/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

/* random stuff */

#define     RUN_CONTEXT (in_irq () ? "in_irq" \
            : (in_interrupt () ? "in_interrupt" : "can sleep"))


#endif /* __KERNEL__ */


Generated by  Doxygen 1.6.0   Back to index